HERITAGE SCHOOLS OF COLONIAL CALCUTTA - Oriental Seminary
You are here
Home > Kolkata Diary > Heritage Schools of Colonial Calcutta > HERITAGE SCHOOLS OF COLONIAL CALCUTTA – Oriental Seminary

HERITAGE SCHOOLS OF COLONIAL CALCUTTA – Oriental Seminary

Oriental Seminary School Calcutta

The oriental seminary was founded by Gour Mohan Addy in 1829, for the children of the Hindu parents in Calcutta. In those days students had to enroll themselves  in the missionary schools to learn and study English, where they were subject to considerable religious influence.  In fact, Oriental Seminary came in at a critical juncture when many Hindu parents, while fully comprehending the usefulness of English education, showed sceptical  in sending their boys to English schools. They felt insecure having seen the way the Derozians of the Hindu School recklessly disregard Hindu values, tradition and customs, and how  the Christian missionaries were tactfully shaking the faith of Hindu boys in the name of imparting higher English education.

Oriental Seminary School Entrance
Oriental Seminary School Entrance

At this time of uncertainty and anguish, the Oriental Seminary of Gourmohun reassured the worried orthodox Hindu parents about imparting the best English education in his school. Actually, the major contribution of Addy to the society was the foundation of a school for teaching English, free from Christian influences.

Initially originated at Benshohata, the School shifted its location thrice before moving into its  own building on Chitpur Road (36/1A, Rabindra Sarani), in Jorasanko. Constructed by Martin Burn, the school building was inaugurated by the then Governor, Lord Carmichael in 1914. Its monthly tuition fee was Rs 3/, which was cheaper in comparison to Rs 5/  of Hindu School. It started a morning session for the infants in 1836. Bengali was also introduced as a medium of instruction in 1839. With time and popular demand of the day, three branches of the institution were opened in Chitpur, Bhowanipur and Belghoria. The girls’ section of the school was opened in 1934.

Oriental Seminary School Building
Oriental Seminary School Building Constructed Martin Burn

Gourmohan did not hesitate to request reputed British teachers like Captain D.L. Richardson and others to teach in his school. He also appointed Eurasians for the junior classes and Bengali teachers for the intermediate classes. However, for the upper classes, he appointed highly qualified Englishmen or Bengalis.

After the sudden demise of Gourmohun on Feb 23rd, 1845, Hurrakisto Addy, his brother, took the control of the Seminary and dedicated himself  for the betterment of the institution. He regulated all the details of the school, and took part in teaching as well.

Oriental Seminary still exists. The higher secondary section of the school became coeducational in 1991. It is interesting to note that, the first president of Indian National Congress, Barrister  W. C. Bonnerjee, was an ex-student of the School and he was the first president of the governing body of the school till his death in 1906. It is further interesting to note that, Rabindranath had his initial schooling at the seminary.

Sadly enough, no portrait of Gourmohan is available for us to commemorate the great man, who created history in the education system in Calcutta during the days of the British Raj.

Oriental Seminary School - Statue of Kobiguru Rabindranath Tagore
Oriental Seminary School – Statue of Kobiguru Rabindranath Tagore
Martin Burn Constructed Oriental Seminary School Building
Martin Burn Constructed Oriental Seminary School Building
Dibyendu Banerjee
Dibyendu Banerjee
Ex student of Scottish Church College. Served a Nationalised Bank for nearly 35 years. Authored novels in Bengali. Translated into Bengali novels/short stories of Leo Tolstoy, Eric Maria Remarque, D.H.Lawrence, Harold Robbins, Guy de Maupassant, Somerset Maugham and others. Also compiled collections of short stories from Africa and Third World. Interested in literature, history, music, sports and international films.

Leave a Reply

Top