LEGEND OF THE LOST - No.1 Garstin Place, AIR, Kolkata
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LEGEND OF THE LOST – No.1 Garstin Place

All India Radio Kolkata

Set up on the lines of the BBC, the privately owned Indian Broadcasting Company (IBC) started India’s first broadcasting studio and office in Apollo Bunder Road, Bombay. Soon they opened their Calcutta station at Temple Chamber, opposite the high court, but then moved to No 1 Garstin Place and started to broadcast from August 26, 1927.

The Old AIR Building at 1 Grantin Place Kolkata
The Old AIR Building at 1 Garstin Place Kolkata

Musical and dialogue programmes, termed as European and Indian, were broadcast every evening for three to four hours.  The signature tune of AIR, composed by Mr. John Foulds, and created by the combination of Violin, Viola, Cello and Tanpura, is very soft, soothing and freshening like the morning air. The tune is of 8 seconds duration, repeated with intervals of 10 seconds in between.

Rai Chand Boral
Rai Chand Boral

The Calcutta station’s first director was CC Wallick of the BBC, while Nripendra Nath Majumdar was the producer of the Indian programmes. Musician Rai Chand Boral was one of Majumdar’s assistants.  Birendra Krishna Bhadra was also  associated with AIR for several decades, as the producer of the drama section. He also presented Birupaksher Aasar broadcast every Sunday at 1.00 Pm, which created a sensation among the commoners. But the crowning glory of his career in All India Radio,Calcutta was his performance in Mahishasura Mardini, where he chanted the Slokas of Sri Sri Chandi. The programme was first introduced in 1937.

Birendra Krishna Bhadra
Birendra Krishna Bhadra

Bani Kumar wrote the script, Pankaj Kumar Mullick composed  the music and Birendra Krishna Bhadra recited the Stotras with devotional  melody, which creates a nostalgic atmosphere even today. It has become a catalyst to bring back the old memories, it creates goose bumps as it brings the flavor of the  Durga Puja. In the initial years, like all the other programmes, this show was also broadcast live. However, a live show of the programme was recorded in the 1960s, and since then the same recording is played every year in place of the live programme.  It is a special early morning  programme broadcast on ‘Mahalaya’ at 4.00 am. In the 1970s an alternate version of Mahishasura Mardini was recorded with Govinda Gopal Mukherjee, Uttam Kumar, who reluctantly agreed, and great Lata Mangeskar as the principal singer. However, the attempt was a grand failure and by popular demand the original version was reinstated.

Listen Mahalaya Special Programme from AIR

Pankaj Mullick live on air
Pankaj Mullick live on air

Pankaj Kumar Mallik started his  career and sang his first song from the Calcutta station in 1927. The blind singer Krishna Chandra De started to teach music in a special session from 1930, and after him, Sangeet Shikshar Aasor was aptly conducted by Pankaj Kumar Mullick for quite a long time. Indira Debi used to host the Shishu Mahal for the kids, while Sudhir Sarkar conducted Palli Mangaler Aasor for the rural audience. Galpodadur Aasor was conducted for the young adults, while Bela Dey used to host Mahila Mahal for the housewives. Anurodher Aasor, with a bouquet of carefully selected Bengali songs, was a fascinating programme for the lovers of light music on Saturdays and Sundays.  In those days there was a craze for the radio plays. Jagannath Basu, who was associated with the Calcutta station of AIR for many years, once remarked that, for years, professional theatre shows at Hatibagan area used to be held on Fridays, Saturdays and Sundays. But the popularity of the radio play on Friday evenings compelled them to shift their Friday shows to Thursdays.

Indrani Devi - Host of Sishu Mahal
Indrani Devi – Host of Sishu Mahal
Bela Dey
Bela Dey – Host of Mahila Mahal

Great musicians like Ustad Mohammad Sagiruddin Khan, Ustad Keramatullah Khan, Jnan Prakash Ghosh and V.G. Jog were all  connected with AIR. To the delight of the lovers of classical music, it arranged Akhil Bharatiya Karyakram on Saturday nights and Radio Sangeet Sammelan.

Bulbul Sarkar, grand daughter of Pandit Shivnath Sasthi, joined All India Radio as an announcer in1949. Within a short time, she became very popular among the children as auntie Bulbul in ‘Calling all Children’.  Later she used to produce Western Music in All India Radio, Calcutta.  In fact, she planned and produced many popular programmes like ‘Lunch Time Variety’, ‘Musical Bandbox’, and ‘Classical Music at Your Request’, which were appreciated by many.

Bulbul Sarkar - Host of Calling All Children
Bulbul Sarkar – Host of Calling All Children

Daily news bulletins were also broadcasted thrice daily in English, Hindi and Bengali.

Apart from all these regular programmes, many important events were broadcasted live, like Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru’s speech on the eve of independence day, running commentary of Mahatma Gandhi’s crematorial ceremony etc.

Since 1929, a magazine named Betar Jagat, used to be published regularly , with lists of radio programmes, along with short stories, other articles and photographs of the radio artists. It continued  till 1985.

The Haunted Building at Grastin Place, Kolkata
The Haunted Building at Garstin Place, Kolkata

It is said that the unimpressive, small building at 1, Garstin Place, which gradually turned into the cultural hub of the City, was a haunted place. Calcutta station of All India Radio left the place and shifted to its immense Eden Garden building on September 15, 1958. However, in the process, a legend has been lost forever, when the old structure, which was the witness of the earliest, as well as the most glorious days of the Calcutta station of AIR, was demolished unceremoniously in January 1997.

Dibyendu Banerjee
Dibyendu Banerjee
Ex student of Scottish Church College. Served a Nationalised Bank for nearly 35 years. Authored novels in Bengali. Translated into Bengali novels/short stories of Leo Tolstoy, Eric Maria Remarque, D.H.Lawrence, Harold Robbins, Guy de Maupassant, Somerset Maugham and others. Also compiled collections of short stories from Africa and Third World. Interested in literature, history, music, sports and international films.

4 thoughts on “LEGEND OF THE LOST – No.1 Garstin Place

  1. Thank you for this informative write-up. I enjoyed reading it because I spend many hours everyday listening to the radio. One of the Directors of AIR heard someone singing with a lovely voice one day in a bus stop where he had taken shelter from a sudden brisk shower. The Director enjoyed the song and asked the singer to meet him at the radio station because he loved listening to his voice. This tall gentleman was none other than Pankaj Kumar Mullick.
    There are 4,000 radio stations in India and the number of programs produced by AIR is mind-boggling to say the least. The variety and spread is immense. Radio still has the largest reach and covers the entire nation. With its new Channel Maitreyee it touches the hearts of the people of our neighbour Bangladesh. On Wednesday, 15th November, 2016, AIR announced its awards which recognises the best programs in most of the categories. Undoubtedly, AIR produces the largest number of cultural programs in a vast variety of different languages. Most of the programs we love were born in 1, Garstin Place which was unceremoniously pulled down. With the demolition of the structure all memories of the haunted building were also lost.

  2. Thank you very much for your commendable comments. I had a tough time to build the story of Garstin Place, as nothing fruitful was available near at hand and I had to tap different sources/persons to get the necessary information. I was not aware about the episode of Pankaj Kumar Mullick, that you have mentioned. Nowadays, the majority of people do not intend to simply listen a song, they would rather like to visualize it. I think, that is the main reason why the TV shows rule the day. But the music archive of Akashbani is a hidden treasure, which probably will remain untapped forever. The lack of necessary eagerness and initiative on the part of the respective authority is evident.

  3. Thanks a lot for all the information that you have painstakingly provided. I have just one question.
    Has the old building at 1,Garstin Place been demolished?

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