Popular Detectives Of Bengali Novels
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Popular Detectives Of Bengali Novels


Whether we are a child or a grown up, we all love story books and if it comes to the term Detective, the 8 to 80 would jump into it. Though there may be disagreement but I think I am the biggest fan of detective novels, from the Sherlock Holmes to our very own feluda, I am addicted to them. Here is the popular Bengali detective character of all time.

Kiriti Roy

nihar ranjan gupta
Nihar Ranjan Gupta

Nihar ranjan Gupta composed his first detective story, ‘Kalo Bhromor’ where he launched detective Kiriti Roy. He wrote 80 stories featuring Kiriti Roy.


He is the most dashing detective of Bengali novel with 6’2 height, a long coat, cap, and a pipe hanging from his lips, and is just the opposite character of Byomkesh Byokshi. Mostly he carries a magnifying glass with him. He solves crimes with his assistant Subrata Roy. His stories with a adventure sense and blood-curdling quality are still popular.


Satyajit Roy
Satyajit Roy

Feluda or Prodosh Chandra Mitra, who also uses the Anglicized name Pradosh C. Mitter, is the detective of 8 to 80, written by Satyajit Roy.

The suave, sharp, dashing detective lives at 21 Rajani Sen Road, Ballygunge, Kolkata. Feluda first appeared in 1965. His first story was ‘Feludar Goendagiri’ published on a children magazine ‘Sandesh’.


Despite being a strongly built man adept in martial arts, he solves crime with his superb analytical ability and observation skill which he referred as ‘magajashtro’(brain weapon). In the stories of Feluda, he is displayed as a big admirer of Sherlock Holmes which he mentions multiple times.

Feluda is most of the times accompanied by his cousin Tapesh Ranjan or Tyopshye, who serves as the narrator of the stories. From the sixth story, Sonar Kella, the duo is joined by a popular thriller writer Lalmohon Ganguli famous as Jatayu .

Byomkesh Bakshi

Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay
Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay

One of the oldest and most read and filmed Detective of the Bengali novels, Byomkesh Bakshi, a cap-a-pie Bengali man with an intelligent appearance and personality was created by Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay.

The first story appeared in print in 1932. The stories are chronicled by Ajit, a writer who meets Byomkesh in ‘Satyanweshi’.

byomkesh bokshi

Byomkesh preferred the term ‘satyaneshi’ means seeker of truth instead of ‘detective’. Unlike many other fictional detectives, Byomkesh ages, marries, has a son, starts a publishing firm with his assistant-cum-chronicler Ajit, buys a house in South Calcutta, and ponders buying a car for his wife Satyabati.

He is mostly portrayed as lean, lanky and a tall gentleman who minds his manners. Byomkesh’s only addiction is smoking and tea. He has a passion for football and a solid grasp over Bengali literature and a working knowledge of the Sanskrit classics from which both he and Ajit quote freely.


Sunil Gangopadhyay
Sunil Gangopadhyay

This handicapped intelligent character was created by Sunil Gangopadhyay, that has become legendary in Indian children’s literature.

The series started in the autumn of 1979 with the publication of ‘Bhoyonkor Sundor’ in Anandamela magazine, puja number. Since then, the series continued for 33 years on popular demand, with over 36 adventure novels in print until the death of the author in 2012.


Kakababu is ex-Director of the Archaeological Survey of India, whose real name is Raja Roychowdhury. In “Kakabaubur Prothom Abhijan”, it is revealed that Kakababu lost his leg when he jumped off a cliff to help his friend Kamal, walks with the help of a crutch. This accident however has not crippled his strong mental will and physical strength. He is much sought after by the Indian intelligence to solve critical cases of crime. He has worked in CBI for some years.

Kakababu’s two companions are Sontu aka Sunanda Roychowdhury, the nephew of kakababu and Santu’s best friend Jojo who was introduced as a character to give comic relief.


Suchitra Bhattacharya
Suchitra Bhattacharya

We have an aunt and niece detective team, our detective is Mitin Mashi or Aunt Mitin created by Suchitra Bhattacharya for young adults.

mitin mashi

Pragyaparamita Mukherjee, who, like all good Bengalis, is known by her nick name, Mitin, lives in Kolkata, with her husband, Partho and son, Boomboom, and works as a private detective. She is the 21st century, educated, confident Kolkata woman in her mid 30s.

There are only a few female detective characters in Bengali literature and Mitin mashi is one of them. Mitin has an assistant: her niece, Oindrilla, popularly known as Tupur, who is still in school. Although we have a third person narrator in these novels, the action is seen through Tupur’s eyes.


Samaresh Majumdar
Samaresh Majumdar

Arjun is a young handsome detective from Jalpaiguri created by Samaresh Majumdar in 1983 for young children.

Arjun has solved cases all over the world. His stories have an inherent sense of adventure. Unlike most of the detectives Arjun doesn’t have any assistant whether he has a preceptor, Amal Shome.


He is young and is not a detective by profession. Working closely with Amol Shome inspires him to take on more such adventures. Arjun is a small-town guy who works under restrictions. He is neither aged nor mature. Arjun has an athletic body with a sharp mind.

Pandab Goyenda

Sasthipada Chattopadhyay
Sasthipada Chattopadhyay

Pandob Goyenda is a popular detective novel among children which is written by Sasthipada Chattopadhyay.

pandob goyenda

This is about five young children detectives, who solve mystery in around India. The idea of the story is based on the western series‘Famous Five’ created by Enid Blyton. The five detectives are Bablu, Bhombol, Bilu and two sisters, Bachchu and Bichchhu. The first story ‘Pandan Goyenda’ was published in 1981.

Goyenda Colonel

Syad Mustafa Siraj
Syad Mustafa Siraj

Colonel Somogro is a popular series and child novel which is written by Syed Mustafa Siraj. The series make him popular.


Ex-colonel Niladri Sarkar is the eccentric sleuth in Syed Mustafa Siraj’s stories, narrated by a lazy journalist, Jayanta, who accompanies him on his missions. The colonel is a butterfly collector and ornithologist, smokes pipes and has a Santa beard. He is also jovial and likes quoting Bengali proverbs & nursery rhymes.

The first published novel featuring colonel was ‘Chhaaya Pawrey’.

Abhisikta Ganguly
Abhisikta Ganguly
I am an ordinary girl with extraordinary dreams which I live with to fulfill. People find me to be an upbeat, self-motivated team player. I will work until my idols become my rivals. I love adventures and love to explore the unknown from the very known thing. Besides, I love singing, writing and reading stories, listen to music and watching cartoons and movies.

13 thoughts on “Popular Detectives Of Bengali Novels

  1. Goenda Dipak Chatterjee (Swapan Kumar) and Jayanya -Maniklal (Hemendra Lal Roy) belonged to the same generation of Kiriti and they were very much popular during those days. Before them, Panchkori Dey created Debendrabijoy and Arindam, following the Holmes-Watson tradition. A feature about Bengali detectives will be incomplete without their inclusion.

  2. It’s no less than a crime to miss out on P. K. Basu – the famous creation of Narayan Sanyal – when you talk about detective series in Bengali literature. The books like Sonar Kanta or Nagchampa are arguably the finest crime thrillers ever created in the history of Bangla literature.

  3. Kakababu,Arjun and Colonel are more like adventure suspense thriller rather than ‘Detective’ stories. All detective stories might be a suspense thriller but all suspense thrillers are not detective stories. True ‘Detective’ characters are
    1) Byomkesh (with Ajit)
    2) Feluda (with Topshe)
    3) Kiriti (with Subrata)
    4) Shabor (with Nandalal)
    5) Jayanta (with Manik)
    No idea about Mitin Mashi though.

    1. Ok.. I’ll take that but why do you call the stories of Kakababu, Arjun and Colonel as suspense thriller? I mean, they are also detectives. Why don’t call them a detective story?

      1. You have read most these detective stories, that is why you give this post, So dont you feel that when you read a Feluda, Byomkesh or even a Kiriti, there are a few elements, methodology in common? Whereas can you even connect a Kakababu or an Arjun stories with any of the above names? Not really because though suspense in involved, still not exactly the similar genre. Even coming to movies. Feluda or Byomkesh movies are mainly ‘whodunits’ whereas Sobuj Dwiper Raja or Mishawr Rahasya was more about the revelation of some mystery of a mysterious place. Andaman for Sobuj Dwip and Egypt for the latter.

      2. hello do you know about lady bengali detective story i read it in my child hood . the book name is khune bgaynik. i could not find it yet.

  4. I don’t know why Feluda is all time my favourite , idol till my childhood to now… Just love this man .. But others are also respected.. Kakababu becomes angry when someone call him a detective .. so don’t call him a detective… btw nice post

  5. There is one other lady detective Gargi created by Tapan Badhopadhya . She might not be hugely popular like Boyemkesh or Pheluda but quite at per with Arjun or more so regarding popularity. Her cases are Who done it types . They are quite good but yes sometimes inspired by popular English crime fiction. I also think if you want to read a good suspense novel in Bengali with high voltage court room drama then P.K . Basu series are quite good . The series is mainly based on Parry Mason series but few stories are totally based on Agatha Christie’s and last two are on Sherlock Holmes’.

  6. if you are writing about either adventure or detective,missing hemen roy is a crime…Bimal Kumar are the beat adventure fiction in bengali literature till date based on the narrative style, spectrum of adventure and topics…and jayanta manik too are filled with eccentricity to be included in any list..

  7. Jayanta by Hemendra Kumar is the Greatest of all other Bengali detectives. His methods are great. I Love Jayanta Manik Series more than Feluda and Byomkesh Bakshi.

  8. While surfing came across this page. I have been a fan of this genre since childhood and still searching for more.
    If you are not including PK Basu Kanta series in the list then you are missing out the most critically acclaimed Bengali detective series.
    And those who read original detective stories must know Kakababu, Pandob Goyenda, Arjun these are not actually from this genre. they are more like adventure series for teens.

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