Russia may face ban from 2016’s Olympics and Paralympics after four years doping evidence against Russia was found. International Olympic Committee (IOC) got all proofs on Russia’s cheating in 2014 Winter Olympic that was enough to ban Russia’s all team for Rio Olympic.
World Anti Doping Agency commissioned the report and their investigation found urine samples of Russian contestants were manipulated from late 2011 to 2015 in summer and winter Olympic sports. The IOC will decide on Tuesday, 19th July whether to ban Russia from Rio Olympics. IOC president Thomas Bach said the findings are “shocking and unprecedented attack on the integrity of sport and on the Olympic Games”.
WADA president Craig Reedie depicted the “scope and scale” of the findings as a “horror story”. Russian Olympics Committee and Russian Paralympics Committee submitted that WADA has wanted the IOC to “decline entries, for Rio 2016, of all athletes”. WADA’s independent commission chaired by Dr Richard McLaren, a Canadian law professor investigating the Russia doping case. He presented a report on 18th July that found 580 positive tests were manipulated across 30 different sports in 2012 London Olympics and during 2014 Winter Olympics in The Russian city Sochi. In his 57 days investigation McLaren said he had “only skimmed the surface”.
Earlier this year three IAAF (International Association of Athletics Federations) officials and also former Russian Athletics Federation (ARAF) president Valentin Balakhnichev and senior Russian athletics coach Alexei Melnikov were banned for life for blackmailing athletes and concealing positive drug test by IAAF’s ethics committee. They were in confusion whether to allow Russia in Rio Olympics or not.
But by the middle of the month things are getting worse as WADA’s report found hundreds of Russian athletes attempted drug tests between 15th February and 29th May in 2016. Some athletes were hiding in military zones and some tried to use bottled urine in doping test.
A WADA representative, Ben Nichols wrote on his Twitter account, “WADA calls on Sport Movement to deny Russian athletes participation at international competitions including Rio until ‘culture change’ achieved.” He also wrote, “McLaren investigation into doping in Russia reveals most deliberate and disturbing abuse of power ever seen in sport. Doping scheme across 30 sports mean there can no longer be presumption of innocence.” However, he later deleted his tweet.
In its reports on Monday, 18th July WADA said Sochi Anti-doping laboratory have used unique methods to exchange samples. According to the report, “The Sochi Laboratory operated a unique sample swapping methodology to enable doped Russian athletes to compete at the Games.” The report claimed the Sports Ministry and Federal Security Service (FSB) supported the dope swapping programme. “The Ministry of Sport directed, controlled and oversaw the manipulation of athlete’s analytical results or sample swapping, with the active participation and assistance of the FSB, CSP [Sports Training Center], and both Moscow and Sochi Laboratories.”
Also US Anti Doping Agency (USADA), headed by Travis Tygart sent a draft letter demanding to ban Russia from Rio Olympics. The draft letter said, “The Independent Investigation led by respected international arbitrator and law professor Richard McLaren confirmed a shocking pattern of long term, systemic and state·sponsored doping and interference with anti·doping processes by the country of Russia. The evidence included intentional subversion of the anti·doping processes at the 2014 Sochi Olympic Games, and in many other international competitions, and systematic undermining of the drug testing of Russian athletes for many years in a successful effort to cheat to win.”
The letter continued by saying, “The McLaren Report confirms that this conduct was directed by the Russian Ministry of Sport and assisted by Russian government intelligence services. In so doing, Russia intentionally violated the Fundamental Principles of Olympism, the Olympic Charter, the World Anti·Doping Code. A full suspension is the only available and appropriate result having regard to the findings and conclusions set out in the report.”
It also requested the IOC within 26th July it will give its report to suspend Russia, “Considering the fast·approaching opening of the Olympic Games, we respectfully request that the IOC act by no later than July 26, 2016 to confirm that Russia and its Olympic and Paralympic Committee and all Russian sport federations shall not participate in the Rio Olympic Games.”
Russia’s summer and winter Olympics Controversial Records
In 2012 Summer Olympics, London, Russia’s position was 3 and it got 22 gold, 25 silver and 32 bronze medals, in total 79 medals.
In 2014, winter Olympics, Sochi, Russia got 1st position and its medal record: 13 gold, 11 silver and 9 bronze in total 33 medals.