In India tombs were generally dedicated to the Muslim rulers who ruled India for centuries. Tombs were caves and carved into rock cliffs. Hindu religious believe in cremation but with the introduction of Islam in India the concept of tombs were getting popularity and the physical remains of the dead were emphasized. The tombs were actually made to give honor to the deceased and remembering them. The architectural designs of these tombs are great.
Some famous tombs of India
Taj Mahal, Agra
One of the seven wonders of the world, Taj Mahal is a monument of love. Fifth Mughal emperor Shah Jahan made this tomb for the memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. The construction of this wonder took 20 years to complete 1632-1652. The cost estimated at that time to be around 32 million rupees, which is now 52.8 billion rupees. Around 20,000 artisans were employed for the project led by the court architect to the emperor, Ustad Ahmad Lahauri.
Tomb of Mariam-uz-Zamani, Sikandra
Mariam-uz-Zamani or Heer Kunwari supposedly known as Jodha Bai was the Rajput wife of the Mugahl emperor Akbar. After her death her son Jahangir built this tomb between 1623 and 1627 C.E. The tomb is located in Sikandra near Agra.
Tomb of Adam Khan, Mehrauli
Adam Khan was a general of the Mughal emperor Akbar. The tomb was built in 1561 near Qutab Minar. He was the younger son of Maham Anga, the wet nurse of Akbar. When Adam Khan killed Akbar’s favourite general Ataga Khan immediately the emperor ordered his execution by defenestration from the Agra Fort. The tomb is now declared a heritage site by the Archaeological Survey of India.
Bibi ka Maqbara, Aurangabad
The maqbara or tomb was built by Azam Shah, son of Aurangzeb in the memory of his mother Dilras Banu Begum. Interestingly, it has the striking resemblance of Taj Mahal. Due to the resemblance, the structure is also called Dakkhani Taj (Taj of the Deccan). It took ten years to complete the mausoleum, 1651-1661. Ata-ullah, the son of Ustad Amhad Lahauri (chief architect of the Taj Mahal) architected this tomb.
Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi
The tomb is the first garden tomb in the Indian subcontinent. Akbar built the tomb for his father Humayun in 1569-1570. In 1993 the tomb was declared the World Heritage Site of India.
Tomb of Itimad-ud-Daulah, Agra
The tomb is the Mughal mausoleum in Agra. This tomb is referred as jewel box and sometimes called the Baby Taj. It was commissioned by Nur Jahan, the wife of Jahangir for her father Mirza Ghiyas Beg in the year 1622-1628. Primarily the tomb was made with red sandstone with marble decorations and then based on white marble.
Tomb of Sher Shah Suri, Bihar
The tomb was built in memory of the Suri emperor Sher Shah Suri. Sher Shah suri was a Pathan from Bihar who defeated the Mughal empire and established Suri empire in North India.
Saidanima’s Tomb, Hyderabad
This tomb is also known as Saidani Maa ki Dargah or Maa Saheba ke Dargah. Nawab Abdul Haq Diler Jung set up this tomb in 1883. He was the official of the inner Royal court of the 6th Nizam of Hyderabad. The tomb was the memory of his mother Saidani Maa.
Sheikh Chilli’s Tomb, Haryana
The tomb of Sheikh Chilli or Abd-ur-Rahim Abd-ur-Karim Abd-ur-Razak is located in Thanesar, Haryana. He was the Qadiriyya Sufi master of Mughal prince Dara Shikoh. The tomb includes two mosques, mughal garden and a madrasa. The architecture of the tomb was influenced by Persian architectural plan.
The Mausoleum at Gumbaz, Seringapatam
Tipu Sultan built this tomb in 1784 for his parents. The mausoleum was surrounded by a cypress garden. After Tipu Sultan’s death in the siege of Seringapatam in 1799 the British buried him here.
Tomb of Akbar the Great, Agra
It is an important Mughal architecture which was built in 1605-1613. Akbar himself commenced this tomb in around 1600. He himself planned his tomb. After his death his son Jahangir completed it.
Hazira Maqbara Tomb, Gujarat
The tomb was created in 1586 and the tomb contains the Qutb-ud-din Muhammad Khan, the teacher of Salim, son of Akbar and Akbar’s another son Naurang Khan. The architecture of the tomb is typical Mughal architecture.