10 Indian Civilizations That Lost Over The Period Of Time
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Lost Cities In India: 10 Civilizations That Lost Over The Period Of Time

lost cities

They once lived in many thousands of years ago. They had different languages, different clothes, different city plannings, different food habits, different types of customs and their own festivals. But they were now past.

Once upon a time in historic and pre-historic period, they lived in the ancient cities of India but now the civilizations had been lost under the sand, over the period of time. Only some pillars and constructions are left. Archaeologists, scientists have carried out some extensive studies at most of these places as to know more about the people, culture, lifestyle of these civilizations.

Some lost Indian cities:

Lothal in Gujarat

Lothal is one of the most important places in Indus Valley civilization. It is located in the Bhal region of the modern state of Gujarat and dating from 3700 BCE. This lost city was discovered in 1954 and the excavation was started in 1955.

Harappans were attracted to Lothal for its sheltered harbour, rich cotton and rice-growing environment and bead-making industry. For the purpose of naval trade Lothal engineers gave a high priority to the creation of dockyard and warehouse.

The city’s massive structures were extremely damaged by floods and other decaying matters. However, wells, platforms, dwarfed walls, baths, paved floors and drains are still existed.

lothal pic
An imaginary picture of Lothal
lothal lower town
Lower Town of Lothal
lothal well
A well in Lothal
lothal warehouse
lothal dockyard

Poompuhar in Tamil Nadu

The ancient city of Poompuhar was once a flourishing port city known as Kaveri poompattinam, which for a while served as the capital of the early Chola kings in Tamilakam. It is located near the end point of Kaveri River in the Nagapattinam district in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

Much of the town was destroyed by progressive erosion and floods. The city was rebuilt several times. Submerged wharves and several meter lengths of pier walls have excavated in recent times. Ancient Pottery dating back to the 4th century BCE have been discovered off shore.

Poompuhar ruins under water
Poompuhar ruins under water
Ruins of Poompuhar

Pattadakal in Karnataka

Pattadakal, a village is now a world heritage site and situated on the left bank of the Malaprabha River in Bagalkot district. It is now a tourist attraction of Karnataka.

This place is famous for its ancient temples and monuments. The best known is the Virupaksha temple, built by Queen Lokamahadevi (Trilokyamahadevi) in 745 to commemorate her husband’s victory (Vikramaditya II) over the Pallavas of Kanchi.

Ruins of Pattadakal
Ruins of Pattadakal
Virupaksha temple Pattadakal

Dholavira in Gujarat

It is an archaeological site at Khadirbet in Bhachau Taluka of Kutch District, in the state of Gujarat. The site belongs to the Indus Valley civilization and it is the 5th largest Harappan site. This place is locally known as Kotada Timba Prachin Mahanagar Dholavira. The site was discovered in 1967-68 by J.P. Joshi.

The excavation of the site brought in light the sophisticated planning and organized architecture of the area. The site includes reservoirs, step well, and various other antiquities such as seals, beads, animal bones, gold, silver, terracotta ornaments and vessels.

Ruins of Dholavira
Ruins of Dholavira
A well in Dholavira
Dholavira water reservoir
Water reservoir with steps Dholavira

Surkotada in Gujarat

The site is belonging to the Indus Valley Civilization and located in Gujarat about 160 km (99 mi) north-east of Bhuj, in the district of Kutch. It contains horse remains dated to ca. 2000 BCE. Shri Jagat Pati Joshi of the Archaeological Survey of India discovered the mounds in 1964.

surkotada ruins
Ruins of Surkotada

Vijaynagar in Karnataka

In 1336, Sangama dynasty princes Harihara I and Bukka Raya I founded Vijayanagara. This city was the capital of an empire of the Vijaynagara Empire.

Around 1500, Vijaynagara had about 500,000 inhabitants, making it the second largest city in the world after Beijing and almost twice the size of Paris. The golden years of this city lasted about 20 years from 1509-29, under Krishnadevaraya. Because of the excessive vehicular pollution the ruins of this city are now listed as a ‘threatened’ world heritage site.

vijayanagar ruins
Ruins of Vijaynagar
ruins of vijaynagar
Ruins of Vijaynagar

Kalibangan in Rajasthan

Kalibangan was a major provincial capital of Indus Valley civilization. The small town located in Hanumangarh district of Rajasthan. It is identified as being established in the triangle of land at the confluence of Drishadvati and Sarasvathi Rivers. In 1969 the excavation of the city started. Kalibangan is well-known by its unique fire altars and “world’s earliest attested ploughed field”.

ruins of kalibangan
Ruins of Kalibangan
kalibangan - three mounds
Three mounds of Kalibangan
Ruins of Kalibangan western mound known as citadel
Ruins of Kalibangan western mound known as citadel

Dwarka in Gujarat

Dwarka is popularly known as the ancient kingdom of Lord Krishna. It is the most sacred and holy cities of India. Dwarka is one of the foremost Chardhams, four sacred Hindu pilgrimage sites, and is one of the Sapta Puri, the seven most ancient religious cities in the country.

It is believed to have been the first capital of Gujarat. Most of the parts of the city had been submerged in the sea. The ruins found under the sea including gigantic stone walls, huge pillars and other antiques.

Dwarka ruins under water
Dwarka ruins under water
dwarka ruins under water
Dwarka ruins under water
temple in dwarka
A temple in Dwarka

Muziris in Kerala

The lost city Muziris is believed to be an internationally acclaimed port city of India. It is located on the banks of river Periyar in Kerala. This was a main port for the trade between southern India and the Phoenicians, the Persians, the Egyptians, the Greeks and the Roman Empire. Archeologists have discovered various artifacts belonging to countries like Egypt, Yemen, Roman and West Asia.

muziris findings
Muziris findings
ruins of muziris
Ruins of Muziris
muziris ruins
Ruins of Muziris

Hampi in Karnataka

Hampi is a village and temple town in Northern Karnataka. It was the richest and largest cities in the world during its prime. Hampi is located within the ruins of the city of Vijayanagara. It is recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

hampi ruins
Ruins of Hampi
ruins of Humpi
Ruins of Hampi
hampi ruins
Ruins of Hampi
hampi ruins water reservoir
The sacred pushkarani or tank located on the eastern side of Krishna temple in Hampi

If you know any other Indian lost cities please share

Suchismita Biswas
Pen is mightier than swords - these words make me passionate about writing. Except writing I love to travel , love to explore the unknown places, love photography and love listening to music. Also I am an avid reader of books. I'm a simple girl but I am what I am.

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